Once you have your Ficus bonsai, you must consider soil and potting. Designed by Elegant WordPress Themes | Powered by WordPress, Prostrata Juniper Bonsai and San Jose Juniper Bonsai, Shimpaku Juniper or Sargent Juniper Bonsai. They will draw a lot of water from the soil, and in a small bonsai pot they will dry out their soil very quickly. Ficus retusa. Ficus trees are sold as nursery plants for landscape at plant nurseries in just about all tropical and subtropical parts of the world, and they are sold as houseplants in the more temperate parts of the world. Ficus is one of the most loved bonsai for many reasons. Continue reading about pruning Bonsai trees. Existe información contradictoria sobre el número de especies de ficus existentes pero debe estar entre 800 y 2000. ... How to thicken my bonsai Ficus canopy. Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. Others, including F. aurea, grow best in USDA zones 9a through 11. Some of them can produce nice flowers, while most Ficus species have hidden flowers in small receptacles from which their fruits grow. Like the Chinese Elm, Ficus Carica has established itself as a transplanted native in other areas with a Mediterranean Climate, such as Southern California. The sphagnum moss at the base is to induce more roots and a better root flare. Or put it in the ground, but don’t leave it there for long, unless you want your neighbor to take you to court when the roots reach his plumbing – or undermine his gazebo. A Ficus Benjamina grown from a thick cutting. It’s often shaped with an s-curved trunk and has dark green oval leaves. Their sap is used to make rubber. This appears to be a Ficus Macrphoylla. It has also been utilised as an ornamental tree and tamed to produce bonsai forms. In poor conditions like these, they are sometimes infested with scale or spider mites. In addition, the wood of some varieties of Ficus, such as Benjamina, is very springy and will not take a set until it gets relatively thick. These include Ficus Carica, (the edible fig), Ficus Benjamina, (Benjamin Tree), Ficus Religiosa, (the Sacred Fig or Bo Tree), Ficus Retusa (often called Ginseng Ficus), Ficus Aurea (Florida Strangler Fig), Ficus Microcarpa (Indian Laurel or Chinese Banyan) Ficus Macrophylla (Moreton Bay Fig), Ficus Rubiginosa (Port Jackson Fig), and Ficus Benghalensis (Banyan Tree). When pruning a Ficus you can remove most, but not all of the foliage. The leaves can vary in sizes of between 1–20" (2-50cm). Ficus aurea does not twig readily and so after years of cultivation it will still look sparse. The tropical figs are evergreen trees, small shrubs, or even climbing plants. El bonsái de ficus retusa debe trasplantarse cada dos años, y la poda se realiza en primavera. Pests / diseases: Fig species are quite resistant against pests, but they are still susceptible to several issues depending on their location, and time of year, especially in the winter. Only specialized pollinating fig wasps can pollinate those hidden flowers. Bonsái de ficus Retusa: Este tipo de ficus, además de ser resistente, emite muchas raíces aéreas que le confiere un atractivo auténtico a este árbol en miniatura. The caudiciform figs, F. palmeri, F. petiolaris and others do not branch well and so are more difficult to form into attractive bonsai. 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