dark areas on the lunar surface with relatively few craters. Evidence that supports the theory of plate tectonics includes distribution of rock formation and fossils, shapes of existing continents, ocean floor features, and seismic and volcanic activity. I'm not sure why you make the claim this is "likely" - these are two competing theories, and in situ formation is generally the less favorable of the two since it requires exceptionally high inner disk densities to operate. D) It shows that Jupiter is unusually cold. charged particles trapped by Earth's magnetic field. The wave with a 200 nm wavelength has twice the frequency of the 400 nm wave. Honor Code. seafloor rock. Mobile. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of a reflecting telescope over a refracting telescope? At first considered to be the "chaff" researchers would have to wade through to get to the fainter Earth-like worlds, hot Jupiters are now attracting their own attention. Plate movements are responsible for most continental and ocean floor features and for the distribution of most rocks and minerals within Earth's crust. c . c . Plate tectonics, theory dealing with the dynamics of Earth’s outer shell that revolutionized Earth sciences by providing a uniform context for understanding mountain-building processes, volcanoes, and earthquakes as well as the evolution of Earth’s surface and reconstructing its … Hot Jupiters provide evidence for: A) the greenhouse effect. Answer to Hot Jupiters provide evidence for : a . Mirrors provide stronger magnification than lenses. The most widely accepted theory for the formation of the Moon is the ________ hypothesis. Throughout history civilizations have developed unique systems for ordering and understanding the heavens. It’s thought that the hot Jupiter HD 189733b, found 63 light years from Earth, is losing 100 million to 600 million kilograms (220 million to 1,323 million pounds) of mass every second. super-Earths . Jupiter. An observer will find: thermal energy. The German astronomer Simon Marius claimed to have seen the moons around the same time, but he did not publish his observations and so Galileo is given the credit for their discovery. The theory of plate tectonics explains the past and current movements of the rocks at Earth's surface (lithospheric plates) and provides a framework for understanding its geological history. b . Diagrams. Galileo's work laid the foundation for today's modern space probes and telescopes. How does the brightness of these two stars compare? Space Gift Ideas for Astronomy Buffs and Skygazers for the 2020 Holiday Season, Travel to Costa Rica in February 2021 with, Hot Jupiters may form close to their stars. Hot Jupiters are gas giant planets, much like Saturn or Jupiter, that orbit extraordinarily close to their stars, at about one-tenth of the distance from Mercury to the sun. But how do we know that? If superflares were caused by close planets the 279 flare stars discovered should have about 28 transiting companions; none of them actually showed evidence of transits, effectively excluding this explanation. Two light waves have wavelengths of 200 nm and 400 nm, respectively. Shape of continents. The most probable cause is Jupiter itself, which was hot enough to radiate a great deal of infrared energy during the first few million years after its formation. The evidence comes from 24 studies (with 2278 people) assessed by the review authors as being of low- and very low-certainty The certainty (or quality) of evidence is the extent to which we can be confident that what the research tells us about a particular treatment effect is likely to be accurate. The spacecraft made 12 close flybys of Europa and one of its instruments, a magnetometer, detected that a magnetic field was being created within Europa as Jupiter's powerful magnetic field swept past the moon. Evidence supporting the Big Bang theory includes the presence of cosmic microwave background radiation, visual observation of redshifted objects and the abundance of primordial elements found throughout the universe. Here are a few things you can do to convince yourself. An astronomer measures the spectrum of a star and finds that it emits the most intense light at 500 nm (500 x 10 -9 m). Those four moons are likely about the same age as the rest of the solar system — about 4.5 billion years old. The Moon has a smaller iron core and thicker crust relative to its size. Star A's area is three times smaller than star B's. It is a very well supported theory, and while scientific debate continues about small parts or local effects, the overall concept is accepted as good as fact. 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